June Birthstone

by | Feb 22, 2024 | gemstone designs

Navigating the shimmering journey to find the quintessential June birthstone can feel like a treasure hunt, whether you’re on the quest for that perfect birthday surprise or eager to honor your special day.

Trust us, we understand how daunting it can be to filter through all those glittering options. That’s why we’ve plunged into the enchanting realm of gemstones and uncovered all there is to cherish about pearls, alexandrites, and moonstones.

Our comprehensive guide shines a light on their unique narratives, magical properties, and how they stack up against other dazzling beauties. Buckle up – you’re about to embark on an adventure to uncover the birthstone that resonates with your soul!

Key Takeaways

  • Pearls, alexandrite, and moonstone are the three distinct birthstones for June, each with unique properties and historical significance. Pearls symbolize purity and elegance, alexandrites display color-changing abilities and are linked to good fortune, while moonstones offer an ethereal glow believed to bring balance and harmony.
  • Natural pearls form organically inside mollusks over many years and vary in color from white to black. Cultured pearls result from human intervention when a nucleus is inserted into a mollusk to start pearl production. Alexandrite is rare with an impressive ability to change color based on lighting conditions; natural deposits primarily come from Russia’s Ural Mountains.
  • Careful maintenance of June birthstones prolongs their beauty; pearls should be wiped after wear and kept away from chemicals, moonstones require gentle cleaning without harsh chemicals or ultrasonic cleaners, while alexandrites can be cleaned with mild soap but should avoid exposure to extreme heat.

Overview of June Birthstones

A set of June birthstones arranged on a bed of pearls in a nature-themed photograph.

June’s birthstones include Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone. Each of these stones has its unique beauty and significance, making them a popular choice for those born in June.

Whether you prefer the classic elegance of pearls or the color-changing allure of alexandrite, there’s a June birthstone for everyone.


A single pearl rests on a bed of coral in a tranquil underwater scene.

Pearls hold a special place in our hearts as one of June’s birthstones. They shimmer with an understated elegance and come from the depths of the ocean or are nurtured in pearl farms.

Unlike other gemstones formed within the earth, natural pearls develop inside living creatures like oysters and mussels when an irritant slips into their shells. The creature coats this speck with layers of calcium carbonate, which over time results in a lustrous pearl.

We find cultured pearls just as fascinating because they represent human collaboration with nature. Pearl farmers carefully introduce a tiny bead into the mollusk to start the formation process, closely monitoring growth until pearls reach gem quality.

From glossy white Akoya pearls to mysterious black Tahitian pearls, each type brings its allure that has captivated cultures across centuries—and continues to do so today.


A woman admiring a stunning Alexandrite ring in natural daylight.

Moving from the serene beauty of pearls, we find ourselves captivated by the enchanting hues of Alexandrite. This remarkable gemstone astonishes with its unique ability to change color under different lighting conditions.

By daylight, it shines in cool bluish-green tones, while under incandescent light, it transforms into a warm reddish-purple. Such striking duality makes Alexandrite one of the most intriguing and sought-after stones among collectors and jewelry enthusiasts alike.

Locating genuine Alexandrite can be a challenge; most deposits have come from Russia’s Ural Mountains but are rarely found today. Sri Lanka, Brazil, and East Africa also offer this precious gemstone but finding examples that show vivid color changes is exceptional.

Synthetic alexandrite exists as well and offers a more affordable option, yet nothing beats the thrill of owning a piece of nature’s magic – a natural chrysoberyl that holds within it an entire spectrum of colors.


We adore the allure of moonstone for its mesmerizing play of light, often compared to the gentle glow of the moon. Known for its unique property called adularescence, this gemstone captures and scatters light, creating a billowy effect akin to lunar radiance.

Moonstones come in various hues—from pearly whites and soft blues to peachy shades—making them as versatile as they are enchanting.

Often linked with good luck and love, these stones hold a special place among June birthstones. They resonate deeply with those born under zodiac signs that crave emotional balance and harmony.

Our fascination with moonstone extends beyond its beauty; many believe in its healing properties tied to new beginnings and personal growth. We keep an eye out for pieces that showcase exceptional clarity and strong cat’s-eye or chatoyancy effects, distinguishing fine gems from ordinary ones.

Whether set into delicate pendants or bold statement rings, we appreciate how moonstone jewelry can be both timeless and fashion-forward.

The History of June Birthstones

A collection of antique June birthstone jewelry displayed in a vintage jewelry box.

June birthstones have a long and rich history, with traditions that differ between Western and Eastern cultures. It’s also interesting to note how modern birthstones have evolved, shaping the significance of these gemstones today.

Western Traditions

A woman wearing pearl jewelry surrounded by traditional Western decor.

Western traditions have long associated specific gemstones with each month, and June was no exception. The primary birthstone for this month is the lustrous pearl. In Western culture, pearls symbolize purity, innocence, and modesty, making them a popular choice for jewelry to mark special occasions such as weddings and anniversaries.

Pearls are also linked with the zodiac sign of Gemini in astrology.

Another gemstone associated with June in Western traditions is alexandrite. This rare and unique gemstone was believed to bring good luck and fortune to those born in June. Its color-changing quality has made it a coveted stone among collectors and enthusiasts.

Eastern Traditions

Woman wearing Pearl

During Eastern traditions, different cultures have their own unique beliefs and associations with June birthstones. In many parts of Asia, pearls are highly revered and symbolize purity, beauty, and spiritual transformation.

In Hindu astrology, a moonstone is considered a sacred gem that represents the divine feminine energy and is linked to the planet Moon. Alexandrite holds significance in Vedic astrology as it is believed to bring good fortune and balance to individuals born in June according to ancient Indian scriptures.

Throughout Eastern traditions, these birthstones continue to be valued for their metaphysical properties and are often incorporated into jewelry pieces used for ceremonial purposes or as talismans for protection.

Modern Birthstones

A woman wearing modern birthstone jewelry in a contemporary jewelry store.

In modern times, birthstones have gained popularity as symbols of personal significance and style. Many people choose to wear their birthstone as jewelry or carry it as a token of good luck.

Modern gemologists continue to study and categorize new stones, adding them to the list of birthstones based on their unique properties and qualities.

Gemstone enthusiasts can easily find modern birthstone jewelry in various styles and designs, creating a connection between ancient traditions and contemporary fashion trends. As we delve into the significance of modern birthstones, let’s explore the diverse options available for those born in June.

Properties and Value Factors of June Birthstones

In this section, we will discuss the occurrence and mining of June birthstones, the difference between natural and synthetic stones, and how these gemstones compare to others. For more in-depth information on the properties and value factors of June birthstones, keep reading!

Occurrence and Mining


June birthstones like pearls, alexandrites, and moonstones are found in diverse locations around the world. Natural pearls form inside oysters and mussels in both freshwater and saltwater environments.

Alexandrites are typically mined from regions such as Sri Lanka, East Africa, Brazil, and India. Moonstones come primarily from Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), Madagascar, Tanzania, India, and Australia.

Gemstone mining requires expertise to extract these precious stones from deep within the Earth. The process involves careful extraction to preserve the quality of the stones while minimizing environmental impact.

Natural vs Synthetic

A raw diamond being mined from deep within the Earth in a bustling atmosphere.

When exploring June birthstones, we must understand the differences between natural and synthetic gems. Natural stones are formed by the Earth over countless years, while synthetic ones are created in laboratories. These distinctions are crucial for valuing and appreciating June’s birthstones.

Aspect Natural Birthstones Synthetic Birthstones
Formation Formed in nature over millions of years Lab-created within weeks to months
Appearance Unique imperfections and variations Flawless and uniform in appearance
Cost Generally more expensive More affordable than natural stones
Value Highly valued for rarity and natural beauty Valued for ethical and environmental reasons; less rare
Environmental Impact Can be high due to mining Lower impact, more sustainable option
Authenticity Often requires certification to ensure the natural origin Easily identified and certified as lab-grown

Comparing June Birthstones to Other Gemstones

A model wearing elegant jewelry in a glamorous indoor setting, featuring different hairstyles and outfits.

Let’s delve into how June birthstones stand out when compared to other gemstones. They each hold unique characteristics that set them apart in the world of precious stones.

Gemstone Hardness (Mohs Scale) Color Range Refractive Index Birth Month
Pearl 2.5 – 4.5 White, Cream, Pink, Grey, Black 1.53 – 1.69 June
Alexandrite 8.5 Green to Red (color-change) 1.74 – 1.76 June
Moonstone 6 – 6.5 Colorless, White, Blue, Peach, Grey 1.52 – 1.54 June
Diamond 10 Colorless, Yellow, Brown, etc. 2.42 April
Ruby 9 Deep Red 1.76 – 1.78 July
Emerald 7.5 – 8 Green 1.57 – 1.58 May
Sapphire 9 Blue, Yellow, Green, White, etc. 1.76 – 1.78 September
Opal 5.5 – 6.5 White, Black, Fire, Boulder, etc. 1.37 – 1.52 October
Amethyst 7 Purple 1.54 – 1.55 February
Topaz 8 Blue, Yellow, Pink, Peach, etc. 1.61 – 1.63 November
Aquamarine 7.5 – 8 Blue to Greenish Blue 1.57 – 1.58 March


Pearls are unique with their organic origin and delicate hardness, giving them a distinct place among traditional gemstones. Alexandrite surprises with its dramatic color-change ability, a rare phenomenon not commonly seen in other gems.

Moonstones enchant with their adularescence effect, setting an ethereal standard. Each June birthstone adds a special touch to the gem world, offering a diverse range of options for those born in June.

Types of Pearls

A collection of various pearls on a beautiful display stand surrounded by elegant decor and nature photography.

Natural pearls are formed when an irritant like a piece of sand gets inside an oyster or mollusk, while cultured pearls are created through human intervention by inserting a nucleus into the mollusk to stimulate pearl production.

Both types of pearls come in different shapes, colors, and sizes, making them unique and valuable gems.

How Natural Pearls Are Formed

A close-up photo of a natural pearl forming inside an oyster.

Natural pearls are formed when an irritant, such as a parasite or a piece of organic material, becomes trapped within the soft tissue of a mollusk. The mollusk secretes layers of nacre around the irritant to protect itself, forming a pearl over time.

  1. Creation Process: Nacre is primarily made of aragonite and conchiolin, which are responsible for the luster and iridescence of pearls.
  2. Natural Environment: This process occurs in both freshwater and saltwater mollusks, with each type producing distinct qualities in the pearls formed.
  3. Timeframe: It can take several years for a natural pearl to develop fully, often resulting in unique shapes and sizes due to irregular nacre deposition.
  4. Color Variations: The colors of natural pearls can range from white to black, with various shades of pink, green, blue, and yellow depending on the species of mollusk and its environment.
  5. Rarity: Due to their organic formation process, natural pearls are rare and highly prized for their uniqueness and beauty in the world of gemstones.

Cultured Pearls

Cultured pearls are created through the process of inserting an irritant into a mollusk, stimulating it to produce nacre. This method enables pearl farmers to control the size, shape, and quality of the pearls.

Most cultured pearls on the market today are produced in this way. The most common types include Akoya, Freshwater, Tahitian, and South Sea pearls. Cultured freshwater pearls are typically more affordable than other types due to their shorter cultivation time.

Tahitian and South Sea cultured pearls are renowned for their larger sizes and stunning natural colors such as silver, cream, and gold overtones. These varieties fetch higher prices in the market due to their rarity and unique beauty.

The Significance of Moonstone


The moonstone has long been associated with the moon and its mystical properties. Its origins can be traced back to ancient beliefs of different cultures, making it a symbol of intuition, balance, and hope.

Origins of the Moonstone

Moonstone is a captivating gem with origins steeped in various cultures and beliefs. Believed to originate in ancient Rome, and named after the beautiful, ethereal glow that resembles the moon’s luminosity.

In Hindu mythology, it’s said that moonbeams turned into this mesmerizing stone when they touched the earth.

In addition to these tales, historical mentions of moonstone stem from both Greek and Roman civilizations. The Romans associated its glimmer with their lunar deities while Greeks believed it embodied protection from harm during journeys at night.

Moonstone Symbolism

Moonstone has been associated with various symbols and meanings throughout history. In many cultures, it is linked to the moon, representing intuition, emotional balance, and feminine energy.

This gem is often believed to bring calmness and peace to those who wear it, as well as enhance their spiritual awareness. Additionally, some traditions view moonstone as a symbol of love and fertility, making it a popular choice for jewelry worn during important life events such as weddings or childbirth.

The symbolism surrounding the moonstone makes it highly sought after by individuals seeking a deeper connection with their emotions or spirituality. The gem’s ethereal appearance only adds to its allure, creating an enigmatic quality that speaks to its symbolic significance in various cultures around the world.

Understanding Alexandrite

A beautiful Alexandrite gemstone showcased in various styles and settings for a vibrant and captivating look.

Alexandrite is a unique and rare June birthstone that changes color in different lighting, from green to red. Its fascinating history and distinct properties make it a sought-after gem for jewelry enthusiasts.

Alexandrite History

Discovered in the Ural Mountains of Russia in 1830, Alexandrite was first found on the birthday of Czar Alexander II, hence its name. This remarkable gemstone quickly gained popularity and became associated with Russian royalty due to its rare color-changing properties.

The value of Alexandrite skyrocketed when declared Russia’s national stone. However, mining restrictions imposed by the government led to a decline in availability, making authentic Alexandrite highly sought after and prized by collectors.

The history of Alexandrite was closely intertwined with Russian history and culture, as it symbolizes prosperity and good fortune. The unique color-shifting ability mesmerized both nobles and common folk alike.

What Makes Alexandrites Unique

Alexandrites are incredibly unique due to their remarkable color-changing properties. These rare gemstones can exhibit a striking green or bluish-green hue in daylight, and transform into a beautiful red or purplish-red shade under incandescent light.

This dramatic color shift is known as the alexandrite effect, making these gems highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts. The distinctiveness of alexandrites lies in their captivating ability to display different colors depending on the type of lighting they are exposed to, setting them apart from other gemstones.

Care and Maintenance Tips for June Birthstones

A collection of June birthstones sparkling in a jewelry box with various models showcasing them.

To keep your June birthstones looking their best, it’s important to follow proper care and maintenance tips. Whether you have pearls, moonstones, or alexandrites, each gem requires specific cleaning and handling techniques to preserve its beauty.

Pearl Care and Cleaning Tips

To care for and clean pearls:

  1. Gently wipe pearls with a soft, damp cloth after each wear to remove oils and acids.
  2. Avoid exposing pearls to harsh chemicals, perfume, or hairspray as they can damage the surface of the pearls.
  3. Store pearls separately from other jewelry to prevent scratching or damage.
  4. Periodically restring pearl necklaces to prevent stretching and breakage.
  5. Have pearls checked by a professional jeweler regularly for maintenance and restringing if necessary.
  6. Use mild soap and water to clean gently soiled pearls; avoid soaking in water as it can damage the silk thread.

Moonstone Care and Cleaning Tips

To care for your moonstone jewelry, follow these simple tips:

  1. Gently clean the moonstone with warm water and mild soap using a soft brush to remove any dirt or residue.
  2. Avoid using harsh chemicals or ultrasonic cleaners, as they may damage the delicate surface of the moonstone.
  3. Store moonstone jewelry separately from other gemstones to prevent scratches and damage.
  4. Protect moonstone from extreme temperatures and sunlight to preserve its natural beauty.
  5. Periodically check the settings of your moonstone jewelry to ensure that it remains secure.
  6. Consult a professional jeweler for any repairs or maintenance needs to keep your moonstone pieces in top condition.
  7. Consider having your moonstone jewelry professionally cleaned and inspected regularly for optimal care and longevity.

Alexandrite Care and Cleaning Tips

To keep your alexandrite jewelry looking its best, follow these care and cleaning tips:

  1. Clean alexandrite with mild soap and warm water.
  2. Use a soft brush to gently scrub the stone.
  3. Avoid using harsh chemicals or ultrasonic cleaners, as they can damage the stone.
  4. Store alexandrite jewelry separately to prevent scratching.
  5. Avoid exposing alexandrite to extreme heat or sudden temperature changes.
  6. Periodically inspect your alexandrite jewelry for any loose settings or damage.
  7. Have your alexandrite jewelry professionally cleaned and inspected at least once a year.


In conclusion, June birthstones offer a diverse range of options for those celebrating their birthdays this month. Whether it’s the classic elegance of pearls, the mystique of moonstone, or the color-changing allure of alexandrite, there’s something for everyone.

Understanding the history and significance behind these gemstones adds an extra layer of appreciation. It’s also important to care for and maintain these precious stones to preserve their beauty for generations to come.

Get ready to explore and celebrate the enchanting world of June birthstones!

If you’re fascinated by the enchanting June birthstones, wait until you discover the vibrant beauty of July’s ruby, known as the “King of Gems.” Learn more about this fiery gemstone here.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the June birthstones?

June has three beautiful birthstones: pearl, alexandrite, and moonstone, each with unique colors and features that make them special for people born in this month.

2. Can I find black pearls as a June birthstone option?

Yes! Tahitian black pearls had been a cherished option for June birthdays, they offer a rare and exotic twist from the traditional white pearls.

3. Do different cultures have their own June birthstones?

Absolutely! Various cultures recognize different stones for June; Hindu texts list pearl as the traditional gemstone while some zodiacal systems may associate moonstone with the astrological sign Cancer.

4. Any other gemstones associated with June besides its main birthstones?

While not traditional, some lists include alternatives like blue topaz or light green peridots that match the sea-foam green hues of early summer.

5. Is Alexandrite an appropriate gift for someone born in June?

Definitely! Alexandrite is indeed perfect because it changes color from green to red depending on the lighting and symbolizes good fortune for those celebrating a birthday in June.

6. If my birthstone jewelry needs repair or replacement, what should I consider?

When purchasing jewelry like rings with your choice of stones like pearl or alexandrite ensure you get details about guarantees such as lifetime warranties which can secure your investment against damage or needed repairs over time.

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About the Author

Matt O'Desky

I grew up in Chicago where we always had a “Diamond District” – an area of town with a slew of buildings filled with dozens of private jewelry wholesalers and upstairs diamond dealers.

When I moved to Texas, and realized there were few if any private jewelers, and I knew what I should do: Deliver a far more personalized experience, in a far more relaxed and enjoyable environment than any department store jeweler could possibly offer.

And show my clients obviously better diamonds at clearly better prices.

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